Cipollini Lab

the website of the Cipollini Lab at Wright State University



100. Rigsby, C.M., McCartney, N.B. Tumlinson, J.H., Herms, D.A., and D. Cipollini. 2017. Variation in the volatile profiles of black and Manchurian ash in relation to emerald ash borer oviposition preferences. Journal of Chemical Ecology DOI 10.1007/s10886-017-0873-5

99. Cipollini, D., C.M. Rigsby, and D.L. Peterson. 2017. Feeding and development of emerald ash borer on cultivated olive, Olea europaea. Journal of Economic Entomology 110: 1935-1937.

98. Peterson, D.L. and D. Cipollini, 2017. Distribution, predictors, and impacts of emerald ash borer (Agrilus planipennis)(Coleoptera: Buprestidae) infestation of white fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus). Environmental Entomology 46: 50-77.


97. Lombardero M.J., Ayres, M.P., Bonello, P. Cipollini, D., and D.A. Herms 2016. Effects of defoliation and site quality on growth and defenses of Pinus pinaster and P. radiata. Forest Ecology and Management 382-39-50.

96. Olsen CEHuang XCHansen CICipollini DØrgaard MMatthes AGeu-Flores FKoch MAAgerbirk N. 2016. Glucosinolate diversity within a phylogenetic framework of the tribe Cardamineae (Brassicaceae) unraveled with HPLC-MS/MS and NMR-based analytical distinction of 70 desulfoglucosinolates. Phytochemistry132:33-56. doi: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2016.09.013

95. Davis, S.L. and D. Cipollini. 2016. Range, genetic diversity, and future of the threatened butterfly, Pieris virginiensisInsect Conservation and Diversity, 9: 506-516

94. Cipollini, K., Lavretsky, P., Cipollini, D. and J. Peters. 2016. Genetic population structure across the range of endangered northeastern bulrush, Scirpus ancistrochaetus. International Journal of Plant Sciences, 167-67-78.

93. Rigsby, C.M., Herms, D.A., Bonello, P., and D. Cipollini. 2016. Higher activities of defense-associated enzymes may contribute to greater resistance of Manchurian ash to emerald ash borer than a closely related and susceptible congener. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 42:782-792.

92. Thiemann, D., Lopez, V., Ray, A., and D. Cipollini. 2016. The history of attack and success of emerald ash borer (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) on white fringetree in Southwestern Ohio. Environmental Entomology: 45: 961-966

91. Davis, S., and D. Cipollini. 2016. Evidence for use of Alliaria petiolata in North America by the European cabbage white butterfly, Pieris rapaePsyche,   

90. Cipollini, D, and K. Cipollini. A review of garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) as an allelopathic plant. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 143: 339-348


89. Lieurance, D., S. ChakrabortyS. R. Whitehead, J. R. Powell, P. Bonello, M. D. Bowers, and D. Cipollini. 2015. Comparative herbivory rates and secondary metabolite profile in the leaves of native and non-native Lonicera species. Journal of Chemical Ecology 41: 1069-1079

88. Davis, S.L., T. Frisch, N. Bjarnholt, and D. Cipollini. 2015. How does garlic mustard lure and kill the West Virginia White butterfly? Journal of Chemical Ecology DOI: 10.1007/s10886-015-0633-3

87. Villari, C., D.A. Herms, J.G.A. Whitehill, D.F. Cipollini and P. Bonello 2015. Progress and gaps in understanding mechanisms of ash resistance to emerald ash borer, a model for wood boring insects that kill angiosperm trees. (Invited Tansley Review.). New Phytologist – DOI:10.1111/nph.13604.

86. Cipollini, D. and C.M. Rigsby. 2015. Incidence of infestation and larval success on emerald ash borer on white fringetree (Chionanthus virginicus), Chinese fringetree (Chionanthus retusus), and devilwood (Osmanthus americanus). Environmental Entomology DOI: 10.1093/ee/nvv112

85. Rigsby, C.M. Showalter, D.N., Herms, D.A., Koch, J.L., Bonello, P., and D. Cipollini. 2015. Physiological responses of emerald ash borer larvae to feeding on different ash species reveal putative resistance mechanisms and insect counter-adaptations. Journal of Insect Physiology, DOI: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2015.05.001

84. Cipollini, D. 2015. White fringetree,Chionanthus virginicus, as a novel larval host for emerald ash borer.  Journal of Economic Entomology DOI: 10.1093/jee/tou026

83. Ali, J, Lieurance, D., and Cipollini, D.  2015. Soil biota affect growth and mycorrhizal infection of Impatiens capensis and alter the effects of rhizosphere extracts of Lonicera maackii. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 142: 1-11,


82. Agerbirk, N., Olsen, C., Cipollini, D., Ørgaard, M., Linde-Laursen, I., Chew, F.  2014. Specific glucosinolate analysis of watercress reveals variable levels of epimeric glucobarbarins, dietary precursors of 5-phenyloxazolidine-2-thiones (barbarins).  Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 62: 9586−9596;  

81.  Whitehill, J.A.G., Rigsby, C.M., Cipollini, D., Herms, D.A., Bonello, P. 2014. Decreased Emergence of Emerald Ash Borer from Ash (Fraxinus spp.) Treated with Methyl Jasmonate is Associated with Induction of General Defense Traits and the Toxic Phenolic Compound Verbascoside. Oecologia, DOI 10.1007/s00442-014-3082-8

80.  Frisch, T., Agerbirk, N., Davis, S., Cipollini, D., Olsen, C.E., Motawia, M.S., Bjarnholt, N. Lindberg Møller, B.  Glucosinolate-related glucosides in Alliaria petiolata: Sources of variation in the plant and different metabolism in an adapted specialist herbivore, Pieris rapae. Journal of Chemical Ecology, DOI 10.1007/s10886-014-0509-y

79.  Rigsby CM, Muilenburg V., Tarpey T., Herms DA, and Cipollini D.  2014. Oviposition preferences of Emerald Ash Borer (Agrilus planipennis) Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae) for different ash tree species support the Mother Knows Best Hypothesis.  Annals of the Entomological Society of America 107: 773-781;

78. Heath, J.J., Kessler, A., Woebbe, E, Cipollini, D., and Stireman, J.  2014.  Exploring plant defense theory in tall goldenrod, Solidago altissima. New Phytologist 202: 1357-1370

77. Davis, S, and Cipollini, D.  2014.  Do mothers always know best? Oviposition mistakes and resulting larval performance of Pieris virginiensis on Alliaria petiolata, a novel, toxic host. Biological Invasions 16:1941–1950, doi: 10.1007/s10530-013-0637-2

76.  Chakraborty S, Whitehill JGA, Hill AL, Opiyo SO, Cipollini D, Herms DA, Bonello P. 2014. Effects of Water Availability on Emerald Ash Borer Larval Performance and Phloem Phenolics of Manchurian and Black Ash.  Plant, Cell, and Environment doi: 10.1111/pce.12215

75.  Davis, S, and Cipollini, D.  2014. How environmental conditions and changing landscapes influence survival and reproduction of a rare butterfly, Pieris virginiensis (Pieridae).  Journal of the Lepidopterist’s Society 68(1): 61-65

74.  Cipollini, D., Walters, D., and Voelckel, C.  2014. Costs of resistance in plants: from theory to practice.  In: Insect-Plant Interactions (Annual Plant Reviews Vol. 47), Voelckel, C. and Jander, G., Eds., pp.263-308Wiley-Blackwell. DOI: 10.1002/9781118472507


73.  Rigsby, C.M., Amstutz, E.M., Yoder, J. and Cipollini, D.  2013.  Water conservation features of ova of Agrilus planipennis Fairmaire (Coleoptera: Buprestidae).  Environmental Entomology, 42: 363-369.

72.  Lieurance, D. and Cipollini, D.  2013.  Environmental influences on growth and defense responses of the invasive shrub, Lonicera maackii, to simulated and real herbivory.  Annals of Botany, 112: 741–749

71.  Anderson, L.J., and Cipollini, D.  2013.  Gas exchange, growth, and defense responses of invasive Alliariapetiolata and native Geum vernum to elevated atmospheric CO2 and temperature.  American Journal of Botany 100: 1544-1554, DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1300014

70.  Heath, J., Cipollini, D., and Stireman, J.O.  2013. The role of carotenoids in mediating interactions between insects and their environment.  Arthropod-Plant Interactions, 7:1-20

69.  Cipollini, K., Millam, K., Burks, D., Cipollini, D., Girod, S., VanGundy, Z., Peters, J. 2013.  Genetic structure of endangered Northeastern Bulrush (Scirpus ancistrochaetus) in Pennsylvania,USA using information from RAPDs and SNPs.  Biochemical Genetics,

68.  Heath, J., Wells, B., Cipollini, D., Stireman, J.O.  2013.  Carnivores and carotenoids are associated with adaptive behavioural divergence in a radiation of gall midges.  Ecological Entomology 38, 11–22

67.  Lieurance, D.M., and Cipollini, D.  2013.  Exotic Lonicera species both escape and resist specialist and generalist herbivores in the introduced range in North America.  Biological Invasions,  15:1713–1724


66.  Schradin, K. and Cipollini, D.  2012.  The sign and strength of plant-soil feedback for the invasive shrub Lonicera maackii varies in different soils.  Forests 3: 903-922, doi:10.3390/f3040903

65.  Barto, E.K., Weidenhamer, J., Cipollini, D., and Rillig, M.  2012.  Fungal superhighways: common mycorrhizal networks enhance belowground communication.  Trends in Plant Science DOI: 10.1016/j.tplants.2012.06.007

64.  Cipollini, D., and Lieurance, D.  2012.  Expression and costs of induced resistance traits in Alliaria petiolata, a widespread invasive plant.  Basic and Applied Ecology 13: 432-440,

63.  Cipollini, D., Rigsby, C.M., and Barto, E.K.  2012.  Microbes as targets and mediators of allelopathy in plants.  Journal of Chemical Ecology 38:714–727

62.  Whitehill, J.G.A., Opiyo, S.O., Koch, J.L., Herms, D.A., Cipollini, D.F., and Bonello, P. 2012. Interspecific comparison of constitutive ash phloem phenolic chemistry reveals compounds unique to Manchurian Ash, a species resistant to Emerald Ash Borer.  Journal of Chemical Ecology 38: 499-511


61.  Lieurance, D. and D. Cipollini.  2011.  Damage levels from arthropod herbivores on Lonicera maackii suggest enemy release in its introduced range.  Biological Invasions. 14: 863-873. DOI 10.1007/s10530-011-0123-7

60.  Cipollini, D., Wang, Q., Whitehill, J.G.A., Powell, J., Bonello, P, and Herms, D. 2011. Distinguishing defensive characteristics in the phloem of ash species resistant and susceptible to the Emerald Ash Borer.  Journal of Chemical Ecology 37: 450-459.

59.  Enright, S., and Cipollini, D.  2011.  Overlapping defense responses to water limitation and pathogen attack and their consequences for resistance to powdery mildew disease in garlic mustard, Alliaria petiolataChemoecology  21: 89-98.  DOI: 10.1007/s00049-011-0072-8

58.  Hillstrom, C, and Cipollini, D. 2011.  Variation in phenotypic plasticity in native and invasive populations of Alliaria petiolataInternational Journal of Plant Sciences 172: 763-772.

57.  Koch, A.M., Antunes, P.M., Barto, E.K., Cipollini, D., Mummey, D.L., and Klironomos, J.N. 2011.  The effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal and garlic mustard introductions on native AM fungal diversity.  Biological Invasions 13: 1627-1639, DOI: 10.1007/s10530-010-9920-7

56.  Barto, E.K., Antunes, P.M., Stinson, K., Koch, A.M., Klironomos, J.N., Cipollini, D. 2011. Differences in arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities associated with sugar maple seedlings in and outside of invaded garlic mustard forest patches.  Biological Invasions DOI 10.1007/s10530-011-9945-6

55.  Ciola, V., and Cipollini, D. 2011.  Distribution and host range of a powdery mildew fungus attacking garlic mustard in southwestern Ohio.  American Midland Naturalist 166:40-52.

54.  Cipollini, K. and Cipollini, D.  2011.  Population status and threats to the federally endangered Scirpus ancistrochaetus: implications for management.  Northeastern Naturalist 18:275-291.


53.  Barto, E.K., Powell, J., and Cipollini, D.  2010.  How novel are the chemical weapons of garlic mustard in North American forest understories?  Biological Invasions 12: 3465-3471, doi: 10.1007/s10530-010-9744-5

52.  Barto, E.K., Friese, C., and Cipollini, D.  2010.  Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi protect a native plant from allelopathic effects of an invader.  Journal of Chemical Ecology 36: 351-360.

51.  Cipollini, D., and Heil, M.  2010.  Costs and benefits of induced resistance to pathogens and herbivores in plants.  CAB Reviews: Perspectives in Agriculture, Veterinary Science, Nutrition and Natural Resources 5: 1-25.  doi: 10.1079/PAVSNNR20105005

50.  Cipollini, D. 2010.  Constitutive expression of methyl jasmonate-inducible responses delays reproduction and constrains fitness responses to nutrients in Arabidopsis thalianaEvolutionary Ecology, 24: 59-68, 10.1007/s10682-008-9290-0

49.  Wallis, C., Eyles, A., Chorbadjian R.A., Riedl K., Schwartz S., Hansen R., Cipollini, D., Herms, D.A., and Bonello P.  2010.  Differential effects of nutrient availability on the secondary metabolism of Austrian pine (Pinus nigra) phloem and resistance to Diplodia pineaForest Pathology doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0329.2009.00636.x


48.  Barto, E.K., and D. Cipollini.  2009.  Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) removal method affects native establishment.   Invasive Plant Science and Management 2:230-236.

47.  Barto, E.K., and D. Cipollini.  2009.  Density dependent phytotoxicity of Impatiens pallida plants exposed to extracts of Alliaria petiolataJournal of Chemical Ecology 35: 495-504.

46.  Cipollini, D., and S. Enright.  2009.  A powdery mildew fungus levels the playing field for invasive garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) and a North American native plant.  Invasive Plant Science and Management 2:253-259.

45.  Barto, E.K., and D. Cipollini.  2009.   Half-lives and field soil concentrations of Alliaria petiolata secondary metabolites.  Chemosphere 76: 71-75.

44.  Cipollini, K.A., E. Ames, and D. Cipollini.  2009.  Amur Honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii) management method impacts restoration of understory plants in the presence of White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginiana).  Invasive Plant Science and Management 2:45-54.

43.  Adams, J.M., Fang, W., Callaway, R.M., Cipollini, D., Newell, E., and Transatlantic Acer platanoides Invasion Network.  2009.  A cross-continental test of the Enemy Release Hypothesis: leaf herbivory on Acer platanoides (L.) is three times higher in North America than its native Europe.  Biological Invasions  11: 1005-1016.


42.  Barto, K., S. Enright, A. Eyles, C. Wallis, R. Chorbadjian, R. Hansen, D.A. Herms, P. Bonello, and D. Cipollini.  2008.  Effects of fertilization and fungal and insect attack on systemic protein defenses of Austrian pine. Journal of Chemical Ecology 34: 1392-1400.

41.  Stireman, J.O., and D. Cipollini. 2008.  Stealth tactics of galling parasites and their potential indirect effects.  New Phytologist  178: 462-465.

40.  Cipollini, D. and M. Dorning.  2008.  Direct and indirect effects of conditioned soils and tissue extracts of the invasive shrub, Lonicera maackii, on target plant performance.  Castanea, 73: 166-176.

39.  Cipollini, D., R. Stevenson, S. Enright, A. Eyles, P. Bonello.  2008.  Phenolic metabolites in leaves of the invasive shrub, Lonicera maackii, and their potential phytotoxic and anti-herbivore effects.  Journal of Chemical Ecology 34: 144-152.

38.  Cipollini, K.A.,  McClain, G.Y., and D. Cipollini.  2008.  Separating effects of allelopathy and shading by Alliaria petiolata and Lonicera maackii on growth, reproduction and survival of Impatiens capensisAmerican Midland Naturalist 160: 117-128.

37.  Cipollini, D., R. Stevenson, K. Cipollini.  2008.  Contrasting direct and indirect effects of allelochemicals from two invasive plants on the performance of a non-mycorrhizal plant.  International Journal of Plant Sciences 169: 371-375

36.  Wallis, C., A. Eyles, R. Chorbadjian, B. McSpadden-Gardener, R. Hansen, D. Cipollini, D. A. Herms, and P. Bonello.  2008.  Systemic induction of phloem secondary metabolism and induction of resistance to a canker pathogenin Austrian pine.  New Phytologist 177: 767-778.

35.   Callaway, R.M., D. Cipollini, K. Barto, G. C. Thelen, S. G. Hallett, D. Prati, K. Stinson, J. Klironomos.  2008.  Novel weapons: invasive plant suppresses fungal mutualists in America but not in its native Europe.  Ecology 89:1043-1055.


34.  Eyles, A., D.A. Herms, W. Jones, K. Riedl, D. Cipollini, S. Schwartz, K. Chan, P. Bonello. 2007.  Comparative phloem chemistry of Manchurian (Fraxinus mandshurica) and two North American ash species (F. americana and F. pennsylvanica).  Journal of Chemical Ecology 33: 1430-1448.

33.  Enright, S. and D. Cipollini.  2007.  Infection by powdery mildew Erysiphe cruciferarum (Erysiphaceae)strongly affects growth and fitness of garlic mustard Alliaria petiolata (Brassicaceae).  American Journal of Botany 94: 1813-1820.

32.  Eyles, A., R. Chorbadjian, C. Wallis, R. Hansen, D. Cipollini, D. Herms, P. Bonello.  2007. Cross-induction of systemic induced resistance between an insect and a fungal pathogen in Austrian pine over a fertility gradient.  Oecologia 153: 365-374.

31.  Cipollini, D. and B. Gruner.  2007.  Cyanide in the chemical arsenal of garlic mustard, Alliaria petiolataJournal of Chemical Ecology 33: 85-94, doi: 10.1007/s10886-006-9205-x

30.  Cipollini, D.  2007.  Consequences of the overproduction of methyl jasmonate on seed production, tolerance to defoliation, and competitive effect and response of Arabidopsis thalianaNew Phytologist 173: 146-153, doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2006.01882.x


29.  Dorning, M., and D. Cipollini.  2006.  Leaf and root extracts of the invasive shrub, Lonicera maackii, inhibit seed germination of three herbs with no autotoxic effects.  Plant Ecology 184: 287-296, doi: 10.1007/s11258-005-9073-4


28.  Cipollini, D.  2005.  Interactive effects of lateral shading and jasmonic acid on morphology, phenology, seed production, and chemical defense responses in Arabidopsis thalianaInternational Journal of Plant Sciences 166: 955-959.

27.  Barto, K., and D. Cipollini.  2005.  Testing the optimal defense theory and growth-differentiation balance hypothesis in Arabidopsis thalianaOecologia 146: 169-178, doi: 10.1007/s00442-005-0207-0

26.  Cipollini, D., J. Mbagwu, C. Hillstrom, K. Barto, and S. Enright.  2005.  Expression of constitutive and inducible chemical defenses in native and invasive populations of Alliara petiolataJournal of Chemical Ecology 31: 1243-1255.

25.  R.O. Musser, D. F. Cipollini, S.M. Hum-Musser, S.A. Williams, J.K. Brown, and G.W. Felton. 2005.  Evidence that the caterpillar salivary enzyme glucose oxidase provides herbivore offense in Solanaceous plants.  Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology 58: 128-137.


24.  Cipollini, D. F., S. Enright, B. Traw, and J. Bergelson.  2004.  Salicylic acid inhibits jasmonic acid-induced resistance of Arabidopsis thaliana to Spodoptera exiguaMolecular Ecology 13: 1643-1653.

23.  Cipollini, D.F.  2004.  Stretching the limits of plasticity: can a plant defend itself from both competitors and herbivores?  Ecology 85: 28-37 (Special Feature on Phytohormonal Ecology)


22.  Traw, M.B., J. Kim, S. Enright, D.F. Cipollini, and J. Bergelson.  2003. Negative cross-talk between salicylate and jasmonate-mediated pathways in the Wassilewskija ecotype of Arabidopsis thalianaMolecular Ecology 12: 1125-1135.

21. Cipollini, D F., C. B. Purrington, and J. Bergelson.  2003.  Costs of induced responses in plants. Basic and Applied Ecology  4: 79-89

20. Cipollini, D.F., J. Busch, E. Simms, K. Stowe, and J. Bergelson.  2003.  Genetic variation and relationships of constitutive and induced trypsin inhibitor activity, glucosinolate content, and biological resistance in Brassica rapa. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29: 285-302.



19.  Cipollini, M., E. Paulk, and D.F. Cipollini.  2002.  Effect of nitrogen and water supplementation on leaf chemistry in horsenettle (Solanum carolinense), and relationship to herbivory by flea beetles (Epitrix spp.) and tobacco hornworm (Manduca sexta).  Journal of Chemical Ecology  28: 2377-2398.

18. Cipollini, D.F.  2002.  Variation in the expression of chemical defenses in Alliaria petiolata in the field and common garden.  American Journal of Botany 89: 1422-1430.

17. Cipollini, D.F., and J. Bergelson.  2002  Interspecific competition affects growth and herbivore damage of Brassica napus L. in the field.  Plant Ecology 162: 227-231.

16. Cipollini, D.F.  2002  Does competition magnify the fitness costs of induced responses in Arabidopsis thaliana? A manipulative approach.  Oecologia 131: 514-520.


15. Cipollini, D.F., and Sipe, M.  2001.  Jasmonic acid treatment and mammalian herbivory differentially affect chemical defense expression and growth of Brassica kaberChemoecology 11: 137-143.

14. Cipollini, D.F., and J. Bergelson.  2001.  Plant density and nutrient availability constrain the constitutive and wound-induced expression of trypsin inhibitors in Brassica napus L. Journal of Chemical Ecology 27: 593-610.

13. Redman, A., Cipollini, D.F., and J.C. Schultz.  2001.  Fitness costs of jasmonic acid induced defense in tomato, Lycopersicon esculentumOecologia  126: 380-385.


12. Cipollini, D.F., and J. Bergelson.  2000.  Environmental and developmental regulation of trypsin inhibitor activity in Brassica napus L.  Journal of Chemical Ecology 26: 1411-1422.


11. Cipollini, D.F. and J.C. Schultz.  1999.  Exploring cost constraints on stem elongation in plants using phenotypic manipulation.  American Naturalist  153: 236-242.

10. Cipollini, D.F.  1999.  Costs to flowering of the production of a mechanically hardened phenotype in Brassica napus L.  International Journal of Plant Sciences  160: 735-741.

9. Cipollini, D.F., and A.M. Redman.  1999.  Age-dependent effects of jasmonic acid treatment and wind exposure on foliar oxidase activity and insect resistance in tomato.  Journal of Chemical Ecology  25:  271-281.


8. Lentz, K., and D.F. Cipollini.  1998.  Effect of light and simulated herbivory on growth of endangered northeastern bulrush, Scirpus ancistrochaetus Schuyler.  Plant Ecology 139: 125-131.

7. Moran, P.J., and D.F. Cipollini.  1998.  Effect of fungal infection and mechanical stress on peroxidase activity and resistance to pests in cucumber.  Journal of Phytopathology 147: 313-316.

6. Cipollini, D.F.  1998.  The induction of soluble peroxidase activity in leaves of bean plants by wind-induced mechanical perturbation.  American Journal of Botany  85: 1586-1591

5. Cipollini, D.F.  1998.  Induced defenses and phenotypic plasticity.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 13: 200.


4. Cipollini, D.F.  1997.  Wind-induced mechanical stimulation increases pest resistance in common bean.  Oecologia 111: 84-90.

3. Cipollini, D.F.  1997.  Gibberellic acid treatment reduces the tolerance of field-grown common bean to leaf removal.  Journal of Plant Growth Regulation  16: 123-127.

2. Cipollini, D.F. and J.C. Schultz. 1997.  Wind and trees.  Trends in Ecology and Evolution 12: 276-277.


1. Cipollini, D.F., S.J. Newell, and A.J. Nastase.  1994.  Total carbohydrates in nectar of Sarracenia purpurea (Northern Pitcher Plant).  American Midland Naturalist  131: 374-377.


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